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IVatck J/out Seed Well I 

It tali ies only 1 per cent oF the cost^ but it matters 100 per cent in results 




"Stokes Tomato Seed, pedigreed, certified, disin- 
fected and packed in a tamper-proof package, is 
beginning to approach the ideal that we set for it." 

F. C. S. 



YOUR success as a Tomato grower is measured by your ability to 
secure high production of better than average quality Tomatoes. 
The run-of-the-farm Tomato in America is not profitable. This Catalog 
is written by Tomato men for Tomato men with he hope that it will 
lead to greater Tomato profits for those who read it. 

To introduce ourselves, in case you have not heard of us in the past 
58 years, we can state that we are one of the very few seed-growers in 
this country devoting their entire efi"ort to Tomatoes. We now oflfer only 
seven varieties, — obviously but a small fraction of the Amer can intro- 
ductions, — but this is in line with our policy of intense concentration. 
We make no attempt at continental coverage. Thoroughness in detail 
is our aim. 

To achieve this, we operate two Proving Grounds — one in summer 
at Vincentown, N. J., and one in winter at Homestead, Fla. Field-pro- 
duction of our pedigreed seed is largely carried on in central New Jersey 
where fertile soil is usually, hut not always, blessed by normal weather. 

If, by chance, you are not entirely satisfied with your progress in 
Tomatoes, why not consult the nearest seed merchant who sells Stokes 
Tomato Seed, and if he cannot be found, write to us at Vincentown, N.J. 
And that goes for wherever you are, for air-mails have made near neigh- 
bors of us all. You will find it a very simple matter to break through the 
formalities of the printed page. We again express gratitude for the 
continued good will of the Tomato industry. 



FRANCIS C. STOKES COMPANY 

1 881 Breeders and Growers of Fitie Tomato Seed 1 940 
VINCENTOWN, NEW JERSEY, U. S. A. 



President 




ORDER SHEET FOR STOKES TOMATO PLANTS 




FRANCIS C. STOKES COMPANY ; 

BREEDERS AND GROWERS OF FINE TOMATO SEED { 
VINCENTOWN, NEW JERSEY i 



Date. 

Name 



R. D. or Street 

Post Office 

State 


AMOUNT 
ENCLOSED 

^ 




Please book my order for tomato plants to be delivered 
May 1940. 




QUANTITY 


VARIETY 


PRICE 


Dollar* 


Caatf 




VALIANT 




m 




STOKESDALB 




m 




RUTGERS 








MASTER MARGLOBE 




m 








m 




TOTAL 




m 



Price f.o.b. Georgia shipping point, ^2.25 per 1000 
f.o.b. New Jersey receiving point, ^2.75 per 1000 
Solid cars will be shipped to any point. 

Except for private truck delivery we recommend the f.o.b. 
New Jersey basis, for solid cars arrive a day sooner than L. C. L. 
shipments. 

Shipping Period: April 25 to May 20 



ORDER SHEET FOR STOKES TOMATO SEED 



i 



FRANCIS C. STOKES COMPANY 

BREEDERS AND GROWERS OF FINE TOMATO SEED 
VINCENTOWN, NEW JERSEY 

Date 



R. D. or Street 

Post Office 

State 


AMOUNT 
ENCLOSED 

$ 




Please send the following seed by prepaid parcel post 




QUANTITY 


VARIETY 


PRICE 


DoUan 


Cent* 




Tr. Pkt. 25c; oz. 50c; lb. $1.50; lb. $5; 5 lb. ^2230 








STOKES MASTFR MARGT ORK 

Tr. Pkt. 25c; oz. 50c; Y4 lb. ^1.50; lb. $5; 5 lb. ^22.50 








RUTGERS 

Tr. Pkt. 25c; oz. 50c; Va lb. ^1.50; lb. ^5; 5 lb. ^22.50 








LANGE'S EARLIANA 

Tr. Pkt. 25c; oz. 50c; V4 lb. ^1.50; lb. $5; 5 lb. $22.50. 








VALIANT 

Tr. Pkt. 25c; oz. 50c; 'A lb. $1.50; lb. $5; 5 lb. $22.50. 








PRITCHARD 

Tr. Pkt. 25c; oz. 50c; lb. $1.50; lb. $5; 5 lb. $22.50. 








BONNY BEST 

Tr. Pkt. 25c; oz. 50c; lb. $1J0; lb. $5; 5 lb. $22^0. 




















PROVING-GROUND STOCKS FOR GREEN- 
HOUSE FORCING 

This seed is direct from Stokesdale proving grounds. 
Tr. Pkt. $1; oz. $1.75; V2 oz. $3; oz. $5; Va lb. $17.50. 
STOKESDALE 








MASTER MARGLOBE 








RUTGERS 








VALIANT 








PRITCHARD 








BONNY BEST 








TOTAL 







Tat (^tQ2n!iou5Q 7otcin^ — 

PLANT THESE PROVING-GROUND STOCKS 



GREENHOUSE men, and other growers who 
operate on an intensive scale, find that these 
Proving-Ground Stocks, even at these obviously higher 
prices, are bargains. This seed is taken directly from 
our foundation-planting stock and is the same as that 
we plant for our own pedigreed-seed acreage. It 
represents the cream of the Stokes crop. It is certified, 
disinfected, and handled with special care. Most of 
it is sold in ounces or in fractional ounces. 

VALIANT STOKESDALE 

RUTGERS STOKES 



Each year we supply important quantities of this 
elite seed to the forcing trade — a clear indication that 
the extra investment pays its way. The high-produc- 
tion expense of greenhouse Tomatoes requires that 
only the most perfect seed-stock be used. These six 
Tomatoes oflfer a reasonable variety range. Because 
of varying growing and market conditions, we recom- 
mend that two, if not three, of these varieties should 
be planted. The following are now available: 

BONNY BEST PRITCHARD 
MASTER MARGLOBE 



Prices, postpaid: Trade pkt. $1; V4OZ. $1.75; V20Z. $3; oz. $5; ^^lb. $17.50 



My Tomatoes, Master Marglobe, Valiant, and Stokesdale set an immense 
quantity of green fruit and I did have a fair crop. I have a small retail green- 
house and sell about 20,000 plants per year. Considering adverse conditions, 
the quality was superior as to smoothness, size, flavor, and solidity. I con- 
sider your strains highly superior and shall continue to plant them until 
something better is developed. — H. A. W., Halstead, Pa. 



I cannot say enough about your Master Marglobe. They are'disease- 
resistant to the very end and ripen perfectly. They are very heavy bearers 
under the same condition that the Valiant and Stokesdale were grown in, 
and the Master Marglobe came through with flying colors. I just flnished 
picking them this week, October 14. They started to bear about August 10. — 
A. C. B., South Haven, Mich. 



I have used your Tomato Seed for several years and find it the best to be 
found on the market any year. My son and I prune and stake all of our plants, 
some to single stalk and others to two stalks. We sure had some fine To- 
matoes last season, some Valiant weighing as high as 12 to 16 ounces each. 
Twenty Valiant Tomatoes weighed 16 pounds. Merchants we sold to said 
they were the best Tomatoes in this district. Everyone likes the solid meat 
of all of your Tomatoes. — W. L. M., Decatur, III. 

W'e sell more Master Marglobe plants, wholesale and retail, 
than any other variety. Next to it is your Stokesdale, one of the 
very best early varieties that we grow for plant-sale. We put it on 
the market the first time in 1937 and our customers who pur- 
chased plants of Stokesdale came for more plants in 1938, with 
glowing reports of the large-size, fine-quality fruit. We use the 
best seeds we can get, regardless of the cost, in order to maintain 
the quality of the plants we sell. We expect to use your Tomato 
Seed as long as we can get it. — D. E. Z., Chambersburg, Pa. 



Georgia -Grown and Georgia - Certified Tomato Plants 



AGAIN AVAILABLE FROM STOKES PEDIGREED SEED 



WE CONTINUE to place great faith in Tomato 
plants certified by the State of Georgia. We 
continue to hold high respect for the men who grow 
them, and for the officials who are valiantly aiding 
these men. To Dr. William D. Moore, U.S.D.A., we ex- 
tend special praise for distinguished service. Yes, it 
is true that in 1939 there were unexpected and, in 
some instances, severe outbreaks of Color Rot (Mac- 
rosporium solatium). But we are by no means dis- 
couraged. On the contrary, new information is now 

1 



available to explain these setbacks and to give us 
confidence in a satisfactory performance from 1940 
deliveries. Several factors have been introduced which 
we believe will contribute greatly in solving obscure 
and puzzling difficulties. This is a large and important 
industry and is headed by men of capacity. Stokes 
Tomato Plant customers have profited greatly in the 
past. Our 1939 record for the most part was a satis- 
factory one. Deliveries in 1940 will be protected by 
a program which includes the following: 



Our own trained staff in Georgia will supervise all growing contracts, including seeding, fertilization, 
spraying, pulling, packing, and shipping. 

2. Exclusive use of our own high-yielding, pedigreed Tomato Seed stocks — all treated under official 
N.J.D.A. supervision, subsequently tested and found commercially free from surface-borne pathogenic 
organisms. 

3. Seed-planting schedules, so timed that a constant supply of fresh, growing ^not dormant^ plants is 
available throughout the four weeks' shipping season. 

4. Extra-thorough spraying, slowly and under high pressure, with tri-basic copper. CNo more Bordeaux 
which has proved too damaging to the plants.^ 

5. Two applications of fertilizer — half at seeding-time and half when the plants are old enough to absorb it. 

6. Greater care in pulling and packing, with more moss, quicker handling, and not too tight packing — 
always in 5 ^ths baskets. 

7. Use of ventilated express cars with, if possible, some temperature control {58 to 70 degrees F. is ideal^. 

8. Immediate delivery from the car after arrival in the North {lor the most part all shipments will be 
handled on a basis of definite reservation/. 

Varieties available in 1940 ^VALIANT, STOKESDALE, MASTER MARGLOBE, RUTGERS 

Price f. o. b. Georgia shipping poini . . $2.25 per 1000 
Price f. o, b. New Jersey receiving poini, $2.75 per 1000 

We anticipate a shipping season lasting from April 25 to May 20, 1940 

'f 




For the most part we prefer to ship Tomato plants in Express cars. These two are being unloaded at Mt. Holly, N. J. 



NOTES ON SOIL-MANAGEMENT FOR TOMATOES 



THE problem of the relation of soil to Tomato-growth is 
one of the most intricate that a grower has to face. He 
can no longer spread an occasional load of manure and 
leave the rest to nature. Although that worked when manure 
was plentiful and Tomato acreage small, today's extensive 
agriculture depletes our soils so rapidly that manure alone 
cannot keep them fit. Every grower ought to maintain his 
soil at least at the fertility level at which he finds it. Many 
find it profitable to raise the level considerably. 

Plants need, in the first place, water and air. If both are to 
be present in the soil in proper quantities there must be enough 
humus or decayed organic matter to regulate the physical 
condition. Sandy soils containing humus will retain more 
water, while heavy soils, on the other hand, will drain better 
if humus is present. This equalizing effect on the water supply 
has its indirect effect on aeration, for soils that do not puddle 
contain enough air for plant-roots. That is why progressive 
farmers conserve organic matter. Hester* suggests a minimum 
content of 1 per cent in sands, 1 per cent in sandy loams, and 
2 per cent in loams. Manure is an excellent source, but next 
best is a green-manuring program. Crop-rotation and the 
turning under of vegetation will keep soil organic matter 
high. Your county agricultural agent knows particular rota- 
tions suited to your region. 

Among the nutrients plants need, nitrogen rates high in 
importance. The quantity carried by organic matter is usually 
insufficient and its form unavailable. During the second and 
third months after transplanting. Tomato plants need nitrogen 
in larger quantities than the soil can supply it. Since nitrogen- 
carrying fertilizers in the soil at transplanting time can be 
injurious, and since much leaches away before the plant needs 
it, nitrogen should be side dressed. 

Phosphorus is the element which is most commonly deficient 
in soils. Tomatoes respond favorably to large quantities of 
superphosphate. Mixed with the soil, it will not injure young 
plants. Apply it before or at transplanting time, for the plant 
uses it immediately. 

Potassium is the third important chemical fertilizer com- 
monly added to the soil. It resembles nitrogen in that large 
quantities in the soil at setting-time injure the plants. Toma- 

*Dr. Jackson B. Hester in Campbell Soup Co. Bulletin 1, "The Soil Side 
of Tomato Growing.' 



toes do not use it until the second and third months after 
transplanting. 

We therefore suggest that in applying your fertilizer this 
year you use an analysis such as 0-16-0 or 2-16-0 at plant- 
setting time and 10-0-15 as a side dressing, four weeks, and 
again, eight weeks after transplanting. The quantities vary 
in different regions. In New Jersey the most successful grow- 
ers use 1000 pounds 0-16-0 and two side dressings — 400 
pounds per acre each — of 10-0-15. We urge those who think 
this procedure too costly to try it on a few plants. 

There is much talk about the need of other elements such 
as boron, copper, manganese, and zinc. The soils where these 
are deficient are so limited in area that it is not wise for most 
farmers to buy fertilizers containing them. An excess might 
be injurious. 

There are two more elements, calcium and magnesium, 
which are often added to soils. These are usually called soil 
amendments rather than fertilizers. The reason is that their 
chief use is in changing soil acidity, although plants use them 
in small quantities. Their addition to the soil as lime produces 
a chemical condition which helps the plant obtain other ele- 
ments, especially phosphorus. Since a pH of between 6. and 
7. is the best acidity for Tomatoes, most of our soils are too 
acid. That means that, generally, lime helps. Do not lime 
your soil unless a test shows it is needed, for an excess is more 
harmful than a deficiency. 

The whole problem of soil-management is more complicated 
than this brief survey indicates. We have ignored entirely the 
beneficial effects of bacteria and hormones present in manure 
which cannot be supplied in any other way. We have like- 
wise neglected the effects of different tillage methods, and the 
whole problem of what compounds of the fertilizer elements 
to use. Soils may influence such widely different properties 
as disease-resistance and market quality besides the general- 
yield factors. Lastly, all the work on which these suggestions 
are based was done on varieties Rutgers and Marglobe. Other 
varieties have different needs. 

In view of the complexity of factors involved, we suggest 
that you write us your special soil problems. We need the 
cooperation of our customers in determining the important 
fields for further research. 



SUGGESTED CONTROLS FOR TOMATO DISEASES 



WHEN we consider the three dozen or more diseases 
that can harm Tomatoes it seems incredible that any 
Tomato plant survives. Fortunately, most of them are 
not so serious that we cannot control them. 

Our Company has eliminated entirely one source of infec- 
tion — the seed. All of Stokes Certified Seed is grown on plots 
inspected by state departments of agriculture and pronounced 
free from any serious infection. In addition, all Certified Seed 
of our varieties Master Marglobe, Rutgers, Stokesdale, and 

Valiant has been dipped in 
^jHiiiMiiiipBBBi j| ^ solution of New Improved 
JKf^ 1 Ceresan ^ethyl mercury phos- 

— ^ phate/. We are thus in a position 

wjwnaHHMBHH to furnish seed which is absolutely 

*jy[J]ij|l]y[jJ|!l3Jj clean. If our growers use disease- 

free seed-beds and practice rota- 
tion and clean culture in the field, 
the most serious diseases will be 
under control. 




There are, however, some diseases for which"added precau- 
tions must be taken. The fungus causing fusarium wilt, for 
instance, persists despite all sanitation and rotation. If you 
live in an area in which soils are wilt-sick, use the resistant 
varieties Rutgers, Marglobe, or Pritchard. 

Every Tomato patch contains plants damaged by one or 
both of the leaf-spots. They spread with dew or rain. Although 
the damage can be reduced by copper sprays, most farmers 
feel that the cost of the spray offsets the increase in yield. Ac- 
cording to some recent work, bordeaux mixture injures young 
blossoms so that farmers who use copper might try some of the 
other compounds on the market. Since much of this work is 
still experimental, it is best to follow the example of your 
most successful neighbors. In some regions this means the use 
of copper, while in others it means forgetting the leaf-spot. 

There are several field diseases which occur in greenhouses 
or in market Tomatoes. Most of these disappear when proper 
sanitation and care are practiced. 



Mosaic, which causes blotched leaves and stunted plants, is caused by a virus carried in the plant- 
juice. It may spread from weeds, potatoes, and certain other crops to the clothes of workers. Tobacco 
used by workers will also introduce it. Since it is most serious when introduced to the seed-bed, a little 
care in the exclusion of weeds, plant debris, and tobacco from the bed will reduce losses. 

Physiological troubles, such as blossom-end rot, puff, crack, and scald, are difficult to handle because 
we do not know all the factors responsible. Much work is yet to be done in this field. 



This tamper-proof canister 
identifies the genuine Stokes 
produrts. It is one of the 
most respected seed pack- 
ages in North America, 



We have in process of preparation a series of leaflets summarizing the latest recommendations for 
control of each of the important Tomato diseases. An annual revision will incorporate the results of 
recent research. 



THIS IS LIKELY TO BE YOUR MOST PROFITABLE TOMATO 



New York State-Grown. Ratio, depth-to-width, 87 per cent. 

THE success of Stokesdale is due to its maturing a 
7-ounce Tomato of streamline proportions one 
week earlier than the Marglobe group. As such it has 
filled an important place in the industry. Bonny Best, 
introduced by this house in 1908, is still in the 
running, but, by comparison, it is small and has less 
disease-resistance. After all, 32 years is a long time in 
the life of any Tomato. 

The fact that has most surprised us about Stokesdale 
is its universal adaptability. We were confident that 
there was an important place for it in the short-season 
areas — northern-tier states, and in higher altitudes. 
We were quite prepared for that. The surprising factor 
to us has been its distinguished performance in the 
Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas where in four 
seasons it has already won deserved recognition. 
Several thousand acres of Stokesdale will be grown 
there in 1940 for the green- wrap trade. Florida, 
Georgia, and the Carolinas will not be far behind. 
But this is not all; the canning trade has already given 
Stokesdale important recognition. This is, no doubt, 
based on its ability to produce unusual tonnage. One 
New York State packer reported a 2 5-ton-per-acre 



Days to maturity, 112. Average weight, 7 ounces. 

The Stokesdale Tomato is now in its eighth genera- 
tion. Infinite care on the part of our Breeding Staflf 
has corrected two points that were not at first satis- 
factory — an open-vine tendency and a depth-to-width 
ratio of 80 per cent in the fruit. Stokesdale now has 
ample vine-coverage and a ratio of 87 per cent. The 
layman may consider that these are small changes but 
the veteran grower will not. 

Here, then, is the Stokesdale Tomato 1940 Model: 
Vine — midway between Bonny Best and Marglobe, 
both in growth and disease-resistance. Leaves — light 
green and finely cut. Fruit — 7-ounce average, 87 per 
cent ratio, smooth, solid, brilliant color. /'This covers 
all green-wrap requirements.^ Harvest of fruit will 
average one week earlier than Stokes Master Marglobe 
and ten days earlier than Rutgers. 

If you do not know Stokesdale, don't postpone the 
opportunity. When we introduced it, five years ago^ 
we remarked that it might revise the entire variety 
schedule. // has done just that for a large number of 
growers. You, too, may find in it a new source of 
profit, and we are anxious for you to give it a complete 
test in your 1940 program. 



crop. See photo below. 

Price, postpaid: Trade pkf. 25 cts.; oz. 50 cfs.; V4lb. $1.50; lb. $5; 5 lbs. $22.50 




Stokesdale at Westfield, N. Y., August 31, 1938. This field of Messrs. Meed and Lmcless was reported to have yielded 
in excess of 2 5 tons per acre. It was almost impossible to walk through this field without damaging the fruit. It was one 
of the very heaviest crops we have ever seen. 



sStolcQ6(JicilQ The Largest Second Early Tomato 

Stokesdale vs. Grothen's Globe 

IT IS TRUE that these two varieties have several points in 
common. Both have an obscure origin. Stokesdale w^as found 
in a single plant selection of Bonny Best on our Stokesdale 
Proving Ground. Grothen's Globe was found in a field of Break 
O'Day. Regardless of these diverse sources, we suspect that each 
one has Marglobe blood in it; in fact, both may be mutations 
from that amazing variety. More than once we have seen a similar 
break in Marglobe — Lamb's Special is one of them. 

With Grothen's several different ideals were followed, with 
size the dominating factor. With Stokesdale our regular breed- 
ing routine has been followed, stressing smoothness, solidity, 
depth, vine-coverage, and high production. The result is that 
while Grothen's Globe is slightly larger than Stokesdale, it lacks 
the interior structure that is required for successful lug-box ship- 
ment. Stokesdale is slightly earlier, far more refined, and will 
produce some 25 per cent more U.S. No. 1 fruit per acre. In 
disease-resistance they are about equal, neither one quite match- 
ing the high rating of either Master Marglobe or Rutgers. 

We had very fine results from the Stokesdale seed that we received from you. Some of our 
acreage turned out 15 tons per acre of good firm fruit. When we get ready to take on our 
requirements for another season, we shall contact you for more seed. — Wm. Bewley, Middle- 
port, N. Y. 




S rOK-l-^DALI: in a Massachusetts garden. Photo 
courtesy Miss Margaret Marsh, North Hatfield. 



Valiant and Stokesdale, here in Missoula, Mont., were won- 
derful. They began to ripen July 20 and at this date /^October 
18, 1938/ they are still full of ripe and green Tomatoes. I had 
no culls from Valiant or Stokesdale. — J. C. S., Missoula, Mont. 



Stoke5 Ma5tQt Mat^lobe 



16th GENERATION. GENERALLY CONCEDED TO BE AMERICA'S FOREMOST SHIPPING TOMATO 



New Jersey Certified. 



Ratio, depth-to-width, 92 per cent. 



THE high money in the northern markets goes to 
the Tomatoes that are uniformly large, deep, and 
solid. The consumer has fixed this standard for she 
invariably chooses a Tomato that she thinks will slice 
well. The green grocer knows this and so chooses 
the deep-fruited samples, but he watches two other 
points, also. He wants size — 5 x 6 or 6 x 6 
and he guards against loss by buying solid fruit. 

As Tomato breeders, we have worked hard and 
long over Master Marglobe. There have been disap- 
pointments, as there always are, but in the long run 
we have gained ground. After sixteen plant genera- 
tions, with an expenditure of approximately $30,000, 
Stokes Master Marglobe has developed an average 
depth-to-width ratio of 92 per cent — a most unusual 
figure. The colored photograph opposite shows that. 
What you do not see is the solid interior — a character- 
istic of the Marglobe parent, Merveille de Marche. 
Fred Pritchard's magic touch started all of this back 
in the days of the first World War. What he sought 
and found was resistance to disease. His Livingston 
Globe X Marvel cross has brought millions of dollars 
to the Tomato industry. 

Price, postpaid: Trade pkt. 25 cts.; oz. 



Days to maturity, 118. 



Average weight, 6 ounces. 



Our part in this development has been a humble 
one. Perhaps the best to be said for it is consistency 
of effort. Through war and peace, through good 
times and bad, we have never relaxed on the breeding 
program of Stokes Master Marglobe. The results 
tell their own story. The 1939 stock is as near per- 
fection as anything we have ever produced, and that 
goes for all the qualities, including size, depth, solid- 
ity, color, and uniformity of vine-coverage. 

When you buy Stokes Master Marglobe in our 
tamper-proof canisters you are getting our prize 
product. Perhaps we may be pardoned for believing 
it represents the finest breeding work in America. 
If you have planted unidentified stocks of Marglobe 
and have been disappointed, don't condemn the va- 
riety until you have tried Stokes Master Marglobe — 
crop 1940. Our 770 acres under New Jersey Depart- 
ment of Agriculture Certification represents an enor- 
mous effort going back twelve continuous years. Our 
40,000-pound seed harvest is already heavily booked 
against. We urge that you cover your requirements 
promptly. 

It- Trade-mark registered 

50 cts.; V4lb. $1.50; lb. $5; 5 lbs. $22.50 




DEEP 
SOLID 
RESISTANT 





"Fitness is so 
inseparable an 
accompaniment 
of beauty that it 
has been taken 
for it." 

—EMERSON. 



★TRADE-MARK REGISTERED 




Streamlined and Finely Bred 

THE fame of this beautiful shipping 
Tomato is almost legendary. Stokes 
Master Marglobe is conceded to be the 
most important market Tomato in North 
America. You are cordially invited to 
share in its success. 

Stokes Master Marglobe can claim six- 
teen generations of single-plant selection. 
We doubt if this record can be equaled. Over $30,000 has been spent in the development of this stock- 
Yet this seed is available to you at a cost of less than $1 per acre. 



9 



et5—h TOMATO C 

New Jersey Certified. Ratio^ depth-to-width, 84 per cent. 

AS TOMATO breeders and growers, we confess 
, that we did not recognize the grand qualities of 
this variety when it was first introduced by Prof. L. G. 
Schermerhorn. But, believe us, we see them now. 
And we are here to go on record that there is a strength 
in Rutgers that we have never seen in other varieties. 
This strength is symbolized by a strong central stalk 
which, through fair weather and foul, seems to have 
the ability to produce large, handsome fruit, and which 
is sturdy enough to keep that fruit out of the mud. 

Again, Rutgers is a Tomato in whose veins runs the 
magical Marglobe blood. Innumerable crosses have 
it. Even other Marglobe x J. T. D. have it, but this is 
the only one we have seen that carries with it that 
glowing vitality, that ability to produce fine Tomatoes 
in spite of heat and high water. In all honesty, the 
Rutgers Tomato worthily carries the name of the 
University that sponsored it. 

The original cross was made by the Campbell Soup 
Company; they, in turn, passed it on to Prof. Schermer- 
horn of the New Jersey Experiment Station for per- 
fecting. It is now in its ninth generation of selection. 
Our own company strains have constantly tended 
toward a deeper fruit, and in this we have had some 

Price, postpaid: Trade pkt. 25 cts.; oz. 



• VERY REMARKABLE OUALITIES 

Days to maturity, 122. Averase weight, 8 ounces. 

success, which was emphasized to us this past season 
when the New Jersey State certifying agency tempo- 
rarily delayed certification because the depth of our 
Rutgers approached that of Master Marglobe. Rutgers' 
habit of ripening from the inside out is a factor that 
must be considered at the time of harvest. But the 
color of Rutgers is an outstanding asset. 

The factor of size in Rutgers has gained it many 
friends among growers for the green-wrap trade. 
That, combined with its high resistance to Fusarium 
Wilt and other diseases, has given it a place of im- 
portance with the shippers of Florida and southern 
Texas. To growers who have difficulty in producing 
the coveted 5x6 and 6x6 sizes, and to those who 
have had unusual vine defoliation, we very strongly 
recommend Rutgers. To canners, the variety is well 
and favorably known. This holds true particularly in 
the lighter soils of southern New Jersey and the East- 
ern Shore of Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. 
Rutgers has been a boon to the canning industry, both 
as a whole-pack Tomato and for Tomato products. 
This holds for all areas except those in the far north 
where the growing season is too short to allow full 
maturity. 

cts.; V4lb. $1.50; lb. $5; 5 lbs. $22.50 





10 



SPECIAL HORTICULTURAL PRACTICES 




SINCE man began domesticating plants, a few ambitious 
souls have always made themselves happy by pampering 
plants to a greater degree than their neighbors do. 
Occasionally worth-while responses reward their efforts. 
Always the gardener thinks his work is important. When 
we find a grower who prunes, or stakes, or mulches his 
field-grown crops, we find him convinced that his method 
of growing them is the only correct one. For people who 
have a discriminating market, the extra care may bring 
more money. Whether or not the profits are higher, many 
will continue their practices for the sheer love of doing it. 

Pruning and Staking 

Pruning practices for Tomatoes vary. Some 
growers train them to a single stem, others to two 
or three stems, and others allow them to branch at 
will. Many workers top the plants after they reach 
a certain height. 

The type of stakes used may be barrel hoops on 
stakes surrounding a single unpruned plant, indi- 
vidual short stakes for the main stem of an unpruned 
plant, individual long stakes 
for a pruned plant, posts con- 
nected by wires for a whole 
row of pruned plants, or 
inverted V's made of two stakes 
for two adjacent rows of 
pruned plants. Almost 
always the pruning and 
staking is a more in- 



tensive method so 
that plants are set 
closer, fertilized 
more heavily, and 
even irrigated or 
shaded occasion- 
ally. 

The one result 
this treatment 
nearly always ac- 
complishes is larg- 
er fruit size. In 
addition to this 
the grower gets 
more early fruit 
per plant; that is, more 
top-price market fruits. 
Total yield per plant is, 
of course, much less on 
pruned than unpruned 
plants, but close planting 

often makes the yield per acre much higher. Since 
spray materials on staked plants can cover more 
thoroughly, there is less disease to lower fruit 
quality. Physiological factors, such as yellow 
tops, cracking, blossom-end rot, or puff may 
either decrease or increase, depending on weather 
conditions and type of culture used. 

The very important [factor to remember in en- 
gaging in these practices commercially is that 
the extra investment involved makes necessary a 
thorough job. If pruning and staking are worth 
while then adequate fertilization, proper soil-prep- 
aration and cultivation, close planting, irrigation, 
and maybe mulching or shading are also worth while. 

For any of this intensive work, another primary 
requisite is good seed. Be sure of your seed-source. 




11 



^anaQ 6 2at liana 

Ontario-Grown. Ratio, depth-to-width, 75 per cent. 
Days to maturity, 104. Average weight, 4 ounces. 



EARLIEST MATURING TOMATO 



A VASTLY improved selection out of the Spark's smoothest stock of Lange's Earliana we have ever 

Earliana introduced by Johnson & Stokes in 1900. offered. The success of the variety is due to its ability to 

The seed we are offering this year has been grown produce fully half of its crop during the first ten days 

for us in Ontario by our Canadian associates. Stokes of harvest. The crown-set is exceptionally heavy and 

Seeds Limited. In our opinion it is the earliest and the Tomato is unusually smooth and deep for Earliana. 

Price, postpaid: Trade pkf. 25 c(s.; oz. 50 cts.; y^\\>. $1.50; lb. $5; 5 lbs. $22.50 




Our customer, Mr. Kenneth C. Miller, Wathena, Kans., who ic-nds us this photograph of Valiant, says, "I plant two plants to the 
willow stake and wigwam them, and prune them to two main stalks; thus they grow as high as sixty Tomatoes to a plant. They had 
large strong vines with plenty of foliage." 

12 



l/aliant — 



EXTRA EARLY 



EXTRA LARGE . EXTRA SMOOTH 



New Jersey-Grown. Ratio, depth-to-width, 88 per cent. Days to maturity, 108. Average weight, 7 ounces. 



IN MANY districts, Valiant is fast replacing the 
Earliana types. The four additional days' time that 
is required for its maturity is quickly overlooked 
when the market returns come in. Valiant has a 
sparse, open vine and therefore will never be an all- 
purpose Tomato, but in its limited field, where it can 
be matured without too much danger of sunburn, it 
is already greatly prized. 

The experience of one grower, Mr. T. Wood Wyne, 
of Thorofare, Gloucester County, N. J., is typical of 
many in the extra-early field. Mr. Wyne has found 
that Valiant is so profitable that he has entirely aban- 
doned his Earliana acreage. By the use of hotbed- 
grown, blocked plants. Valiant, under average New 
Jersey conditions, matures most of its crop before the 

Valiant was the best Tomato we ever had. Very solid, free from cracks, 
and of excellent flavor. As to earliness, they were not enough behind Earliana 
to be noticeable. I have never been disappointed in Stokes' seeds. — C. J. T., 
Auburn, Me. 



severe July heat. The fruit is so smooth and deep that 
in many cases it is marketed in the Marglobe class. 
With proper feeding on heavier soils, we have seen 
Valiant develop an almost normal vine-coverage. 

Valiant, a Stokes 1936 introduction, is now in its 
eighth generation. It is a half-brother of Stokesdale, 
being a selection out of that remarkable variety. The 
fruit is unusually large in comparison with the vine, 
is solid and of brilliant scarlet color. Valiant is not 
recommended as a cannery type, nor is it recom- 
mended for production where it cannot be matured 
under normal temperatures. In its field, however, it 
has made a handsome profit for those who have han- 
dled it properly. We recommend that a planting of 
Stokesdale should always follow Valiant. 

It is indeed a task to sit down and write all about the beauty, firmness, 
and productivity of your Valiant. We have never had a Tomato which ex- 
ceeded our e.vpectations in every way as much as did this one. It is certainly 
the most bountiful, firm, and easy-growing Tomato to be raised. — B. Bros., 
Altamont, N. Y. 

Price, postpaid : 
Trade pkt. 25 cts.; oz. 50 cts.; V4lb. $1.50; 
lb. $5; 5 lbs. $22.50 




We took about $90.00 from about 650 plants of Valiant Quite a 
number of the plants were ruined at the height of their season by rain, 
and others were obviously injured. The quality was often remarked upon, 
especially their firmness and keeping qualities. Even dead-ripe fruit did 
not become soft or bruised. — J. O. W., Merrimac, Mass. 

I am pleased to say that this was the biggest Tomato year I ever had. 
Your Valiant is a real mortgage lifter. I believe that Marglobe is a little 
better market Tomato than Stokesdale. Rutgers is much firmer than 
Marglobe or Stokesdale, but give me Valiant, the Champion. — ^J. G. R., 
Taunton, Mass. 

Your Valiant is the only new variety I planted this year. I am verv 
pleased with it. It is not only very early but a firm Tomato of good quality 
I rely on Pritchard for midseason and late Tomatoes. — E. H. B., Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. 



J^titcfiatd 



The Last Origination of a Great Plant Breeder 




Michigan Certified. 
Ratio, depth-to-width, 85 per cent. 
Days to maturity, 112. 
Average weight, 4 ounces. 



Price, postpaid: 
Trade picf. 

25 cts.; 
oz. 50 cts.; 
V4lb. $1.50; 
lb. $5; 
5 lbs. $22.50 



WE HAVE a wholesome respect for the Pritchard 
Tomato. Under certain growing conditions, 
this variety outyields all others. This particularly ap- 
plies to New York and to New England where Mar- 
globe ordinarily does not always ripen a full crop. In 
maturity, Pritchard will average five days ahead of 
Marglobe. 



Pritchard, a Marglobe x Cooper's Special hybrid, 
originally introduced by the U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture as Scarlet Topper, was officially renamed by 
the Department to honor its originator, the late Dr. 
Fred J. Pritchard. His originations in wilt-resistant 
types have had a vast influence on Tomato production 
in the United States. 



14 



Hybridized and bagged Master Marglobe at Stokesdale Proving Grounds — July, 1939. 



onnu 

New York State-Grown. 




A STOKES INTRODUCTION WHICH HAS 
SUCCEEDED FOR THIRTY-TWO YEARS 



Ratio, depth-to-width, 85 per cent. 



Days to maturity, 112. 



Average weight, 4 ounces. 



THE Tomato industry has made a great deal of 
profit from Bonny Best. It created a sensation 
when it was introduced by Waher P. Stokes in 1908. 
For many years thereafter it was one of the leaders in 
production and popularity. In some of the northern 
areas it still holds its place, sometimes under the 
name of Bonny Best or John Baer /^the names are 
now practically interchangeable^. 

New England, New York, Michigan, Oregon, and 
Washington still have a strong preferance for it, but 
thirty-two years is a long time for any variety, and we 

Price, postpaid: Trade pki. 25 cts.; oz. 50 



shall not be surprised nor hurt if it is entirely replaced 
by other introductions within the next five years. 
Bonny Best has none of the wilt-resistant qualities 
of the Marglobe group. It is small. Its vine is light, 
but is a heavy bearer, and, what is finally important, 
the variety is still a money-maker for a lot of growers. 

This stock is of our own saving in northern New 
York. It is larger than many of the present strains 
and resembles very closely the type our house origi- 
nally introduced. It is early, deep, and smooth, with 
thick walls and the old Bonny Best color and flavor. 

cts.; V4lb. $1.50; lb. $5; 5 lbs. $22.50 




For many years, the name Stokes has been associated with 
fine Tomato seed. Introductions, by our company, of varieties 
like Atlantic Standard, Earliana, Bonny Best and Master Mar- 
globe have added greatly to the income of Tomato growers. 
Our plant-breeding staff is working constantly to maintain 
and where possible better our existing strains. 




TOMATO SEED 



C^ixnim ^ij Stoker